Common Stretches List
Hip flexor stretch:
A simple stretch for the front of the hip. A common tight spot for runners.
Procedure: Kneeling at the side you stretching as per photo. Gradually shifting your body forward onto the front foot and feel the stretch at the front of stretching hip. Hold the stretch for 20 seconds then repeat it doing three times. Gradually push a bit more to get a stronger stretch.
Variations: For even stronger stretch, you can add side bending of body away from the stretching side as per photos.
Tibialis anterior stretch:
A simple stretch for the shin – front of leg. It tends to be tight with runner which can be a contribution to shin-splints.
Procedure: In kneeling position (preferably on carpet), pointing toes down as shown in photo and slowly sit your buttock onto your heels. Feel the stretch along the front of your legs then hold for 20 seconds. Lift you buttock up and repeat the stretch again. Do three sets. You can do one side at a time.
Variations: For people having trouble to kneel due to restricted knee bending, the stretch can be done in long sitting with knee slight bend or straight. A helper is needed to assist pushing down the foot to achieve the stretch at the front of your leg. Hold stretch as above. Self massage is also beneficial.
Plantar fascia stretch:
A simple stretch for the underneath of foot (Foot intrinsic muscles and plantar fascia)
Procedure: In kneeling position (preferably on carpet), tuck toes underneath as shown in photo and slowly sit your buttock onto your heels. Feel the stretch under the foot then hold for 20 seconds. Move your buttock away and repeat the stretch again. Do three sets.
Variations: For people having trouble to bend the knees in kneeling position, the stretch can be done in standing. Facing a wall and place your toes (stretching side) against the wall. You then move your leg forward over ankle and feel the stretch underneath the foot. Hold and repeat as above.
For people suffering plantar fasciitis, it would be good to soak your feet in hot water (comfortable warm) for 10 minutes prior doing the stretch. Better do the stretch at least three times per day.
Thoracic extension stretch:
A great simple stretch for the upper back.
Procedure: By placing a firmly rolled up towel, slight bigger than your fist) across your upper back (roughly at the level of your mid shoulder blade) and lie flat on carpet or some where firm and comfortable surface with arms and legs stretch our as per photo shown. Hold the position for 10 seconds. Then move the rolled towel a bit lower and repeat the stretch again. middle Keep moving the rolled towel a bit lower each time until just below the lowest point of shoulder blade. Generally it would be about four to five positions in total. Good to do it before going to bed at night and even first thing in the morning.
Variations: For people with very stiff/sore upper back, two pillows stacking together can be used instead of the rolled towel for comfort. Once the back gradually feeling easier after two~three days, then can try the rolled towel.
Adductor muscles stretch:
A great simple stretch for the inner thigh muscles. It is a common tight muscle that people do not stretch regularly.
Procedure: By placing your leg on the bed as shown in the photo, keeping your thigh out inline with your body plane. Then slowly lower your other leg to allow your stretching leg to be out further. Feel the stretch at the inner thigh region until you get a definite stretch feel and hold the position for 20 seconds then repeat twice more. Try to go a bit further down as able. The height of object for placing the leg depends on the tightness of your adductor muscles and your knee condition (if you having trouble to squat down).
Variations: As adductor muscles have different parts, also repeat the stretch mentioned with knee straight as per photo shown.
A great simple stretch for the back of thigh, especially for people involving in field sports, running and cycling.
Procedure: By placing your heel on a stool, a bed or a chair, then keep your back straight and knee straight at the stretching side, slowly bending forward at the hip until you feel the stretch at the back of thigh (hamstring muscle). Hold 20 seconds and repeat three times, try to go a bit further each time as able.
Variation: Everyone has different hamstring tightness. When you start to do hamstring stretch, and you think are tight, then better start with lower heel placement, on a low stool or just on the floor, to do your hamstring stretch. As you get freer, then you can place heel on higher level to stretch the hamstring out more.
Wrist extensor and flexor stretches:
Great stretches for the elbow/forearm/wrist if you tends to use your hands a lot of for work and for racquet sports
Procedure: Keep your elbow straight, using opposite hand to bend the wrist up (palm facing away) and down (palm facing toward), holding each position for 20 seconds, repeat twice.
Variation: When bending the wrist down (stretching wrist extensor muscles), there are two ways with hand opened and hand in fist, which will stretch different parts of forearm extensor muscles. With the bending wrist up one (stretching wrist flexor muscles), it can be done with stronger stretch by placing your palms on the bed/table as per photo, lean your body over them to achieve the stretch.
Child’s pose stretch:
A great stretch for the back and shoulder
Procedure: Kneeling on the bed or a mat with toes pointing down and knees relative next to each other. Sit your buttock onto your heels then bend your body forward with hands on the bed reaching forward. You would feel the stretch along your back and along the outside part of your shoulder region. Hold position for 20 seconds then have body upright then repeat the stretch three times.
Key points: If you have stiff knees with limited bending, you can place a pillow between legs and thighs for you to sit on which will reduce the amount of knee bending. Adjust the pillow height as needed to accommodate the knee bending.
Cat curl stretch:
A great stretch for the back.
Procedures: Onto your hands and knees (preferably on carpet, otherwise use a soft cushion to put underneath of knees if having sore knees), then moving the middle of your body, roughly at top part of abdomen as the centre of movements, up (feeling like stretching out the whole back muscles) while your head looking down then sink the body down while head looking up. Hold each position 10 seconds, repeat five times. Do more as needed. Twice per day is good.
Key points: Your hands and knees are in position without moving. You are actually curving your body up and down.
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